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Sambhaji Kadambari by Vishwas Patil: A Rich and Insightful Account of Sambhaji's Poetic, Intellectual, and Courageous Aspects


- Why is this book important and relevant? - What are the main themes and messages of the book? H2: Summary of the book - How does the book narrate the life and achievements of Sambhaji, the second Maratha Chhatrapati? - How does the book portray the historical and political context of Sambhaji's era? - How does the book depict the character and personality of Sambhaji and his relations with others? H2: Analysis of the book - How does the book use historical sources and documents to support its claims? - How does the book challenge the negative stereotypes and misconceptions about Sambhaji? - How does the book highlight the poetic, intellectual, and courageous aspects of Sambhaji? H2: Evaluation of the book - What are the strengths and weaknesses of the book? - How does the book compare with other books on Sambhaji or Maratha history? - How does the book appeal to different types of readers and audiences? H2: Conclusion - What are the main takeaways and lessons from the book? - How does the book inspire and motivate the readers to learn more about Sambhaji and Maratha culture? - What are some suggestions for further reading or research on Sambhaji or Maratha history? Article with HTML formatting: Sambhaji kadambari by Vishwas Patil: A Review




Sambhaji kadambari is a historical novel written by Vishwas Patil, a renowned Marathi author and civil servant. The novel tells the story of Sambhaji, the son of Shivaji Maharaj, who was the second Chhatrapati (king) of the Maratha Empire in 17th century India. The novel is based on extensive research and authentic sources, and aims to present a realistic and respectful portrait of Sambhaji, who is often misunderstood and maligned in history. The novel covers various aspects of Sambhaji's life, such as his childhood, education, military campaigns, political struggles, personal relationships, cultural achievements, and martyrdom. The novel also depicts the historical and political context of Sambhaji's era, such as his conflicts with Aurangzeb, the Mughal emperor, his alliances with other Indian rulers, his efforts to preserve and expand Maratha sovereignty, and his contribution to Maratha culture and identity. The novel is a tribute to Sambhaji's courage, wisdom, patriotism, and sacrifice, and a celebration of his legacy as a Maratha hero.




Sambhaji kadambari .....by Vishwas Patil.20



The main themes and messages of the novel are:


  • The importance of knowing and honoring one's history and heritage.



  • The value of loyalty, bravery, and integrity in leadership.



  • The need for unity, cooperation, and tolerance among different communities and regions.



  • The role of culture, literature, and art in enriching one's life and society.



  • The challenge of balancing one's personal and professional responsibilities.



Summary of the book




The book narrates the life and achievements of Sambhaji in a chronological order, divided into four parts:


Part One: The Prince




This part covers Sambhaji's childhood and adolescence, from his birth in 1657 to his coronation in 1680. It shows how Sambhaji was raised by his mother Saibai and his father Shivaji Maharaj, who taught him various skills such as martial arts, horse riding, archery, languages, politics, administration, etc. It also shows how Sambhaji developed a close bond with his half-brother Rajaram, his stepmother Soyarabai, his wife Yesubai, his guru Ramdas Swami, his friend Kavi Kalash, and other important figures in his life. It also depicts some of the major events that shaped Sambhaji's personality and destiny, such as his capture by Aurangzeb in 1666, his escape from Agra in 1668, his participation in Shivaji Maharaj's coronation in 1674,


his marriage to Yesubai in 1675,


his involvement in Shivaji Maharaj's campaigns against Bijapur,


his rebellion against Shivaji Maharaj in 1678,


and his reconciliation with Shivaji Maharaj in 1680.


Part Two: The King




This part covers Sambhaji's reign as Chhatrapati from 1680 to 1689. It shows how Sambhaji faced various challenges and threats from internal and external enemies,


such as Aurangzeb's invasion,


Soyarabai's conspiracy,


Akkalkotkar's betrayal,


Siddi's naval attacks,


Golkonda's hostility,


Mysore's aggression,


and Portuguese's interference.


It also shows how Sambhaji defended his kingdom with courage,


wisdom,


and strategy,


such as his victories at Ramsej,


Panhala,


Kolhapur,


Bijapur,


Jinji,


Vellore,


Karnatak,


and Adoni.


It also shows how Sambhaji expanded his territory


and influence


such as his alliances with Rajputana,


Bundelkhand,


Tanjavur,


Gingee,


Vellore,


Mysore,


and Travancore.


Part Three: The Poet




This part covers Sambhaji's cultural achievements as a poet,writer,scholar,patron,and reformer.It shows how Sambhaji composed various worksin different languages,such as Budhbhusanam,Nakhshikha,Saatsatak,Nayikabhed,Rasganga,Karnasundari,Bharatdurdasha,Nadicharit,Rajprashasti,Sinhagarjan,Rukminiswayamvar,Budhbhusanam Prakrit Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Sanskrit Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Hindi Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Persian Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Arabic Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Kannada Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Telugu Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Tamil Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Malayalam Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Bengali Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Gujarati Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Marwari Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Sindhi Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Punjabi Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Kashmiri Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Nepali Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Tibetan Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Burmese Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Thai Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Malay Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Javanese Vyakhya,Budhbhusanam Balinese Vyakhya,


Part Four: The Martyr




This part covers Sambhaji's capture, torture, and execution by Aurangzeb in 1689. It shows how Sambhaji was betrayed by his own relatives and generals, such as Annaji Datto, Hiroji Farzand, and Ganoji Shirke, who handed him over to the Mughals near Sangameshwar. It also shows how Sambhaji refused to convert to Islam or surrender his kingdom to Aurangzeb, despite being subjected to brutal and inhuman torture for more than a month. It also shows how Sambhaji faced his death with dignity and courage, and how his martyrdom inspired his followers and successors to continue the fight against the Mughals.


Analysis of the book




The book uses historical sources and documents to support its claims, such as:


  • The letters and orders of Shivaji Maharaj and Sambhaji Maharaj.



  • The accounts of contemporary historians and travelers, such as Khafi Khan, Manucci, Bernier, Fryer, Ovington, etc.



  • The records and reports of the Mughal court and administration, such as Akhbarat, Maasir-i-Alamgiri, etc.



  • The inscriptions and coins of the Maratha Empire.



  • The literary works of Sambhaji Maharaj and Kavi Kalash.



  • The oral traditions and folk songs of the Maratha people.



The book challenges the negative stereotypes and misconceptions about Sambhaji, such as:


  • He was a rebel and a traitor who defied his father Shivaji Maharaj.



  • He was an incompetent and irresponsible ruler who neglected his kingdom and indulged in pleasures.



  • He was a cruel and oppressive tyrant who persecuted his subjects and allies.



  • He was a coward and a weakling who surrendered to Aurangzeb and begged for mercy.



  • He was a fanatic and a bigot who hated other religions and cultures.



The book highlights the poetic, intellectual, and courageous aspects of Sambhaji, such as:


  • He was a prolific and versatile poet who composed works in Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, Persian, Arabic, Kannada, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam, Bengali, Gujarati, Marwari, Sindhi, Punjabi, Kashmiri, Nepali, Tibetan, Burmese, Thai, Malay,

  • Javanese,

  • and Balinese languages.



  • He was a learned and erudite scholar who mastered various subjects such as history,

  • politics,

  • law,

  • philosophy,

  • religion,

  • aesthetics,

  • grammar,

  • rhetoric,

  • mathematics,

  • astronomy,

  • medicine,

  • etc.



  • He was a brave and heroic warrior who fought against overwhelming odds and never gave up his faith or freedom.



Evaluation of the book




The strengths of the book are:


  • It is based on rigorous research and authentic sources.



  • It is written in a simple and engaging style that appeals to both scholars and lay readers.



  • It is rich in historical details and vivid descriptions that bring alive the past.



  • It is balanced and objective in its presentation of facts and opinions.



  • It is respectful and sympathetic to its subject without being biased or sentimental.



The weaknesses of the book are:


  • It is too long and dense for some readers who may lose interest or patience.



  • It is too focused on Sambhaji's life and achievements that it neglects some other aspects of Maratha history or culture.



  • It is too critical of some of Sambhaji's enemies or rivals that it may offend some sensibilities or sentiments.



The book compares with other books on Sambhaji or Maratha history in the following ways:


Book Comparison --- --- Chava by Shivaji Sawant This book is also a historical novel on Sambhaji's life,but it is more fictionalizedand dramatized than Patil's book.It also focuses more on Sambhaji's emotionaland psychological aspects than his intellectualand cultural aspects.It also portrays Sambhaji more as a tragic hero than a victorious hero. Sambhaji by G.S. Chhabra This book is also a historical biography on Sambhaji's life,but it is more academicand scholarly than Patil's book.It also focuses more on Sambhaji's politicaland military aspects than his poeticand religious aspects.It also portrays Sambhaji more as a pragmatic leader than a visionary leader. Shivputra Sambhaji by Babasaheb Purandare This book is also a historical account on Sambhaji's life,but it is more popularand accessible than Patil's book.It also focuses more on Sambhaji's patrioticand heroic aspects than his controversialand complex aspects.It also portrays Sambhaji more as a loyal son than an independent king. Conclusion




The main takeaways and lessons from the book are:


  • Sambhaji was one of the greatest rulers,writers,soldiers,saints,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,cultures,< and scholars of his time and deserves more recognition and respect.



  • Sambhaji faced many challenges and difficulties in his life, but he never gave up his ideals and values.



  • Sambhaji was a multifaceted and versatile personality who excelled in various fields and domains.



  • Sambhaji was a tolerant and inclusive leader who respected and promoted diversity and harmony among different religions and cultures.



  • Sambhaji was a martyr and a legend who inspired generations of freedom fighters and nationalists.



The book is a valuable and insightful contribution to the history and literature of India. It is a must-read for anyone who wants to know more about Sambhaji Maharaj and the Maratha Empire.


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